Synergy between Food Security Act and NREGA
Hindustan Times 2009
This article was published in the Hindustan Times Op-ed section.
Keywords: food, for, work, NREGA, India, act
The national Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005 (NREGA) - Operational Guidelines
Indian Ministry of Rural Development
The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005 (NREGA) guarantees 100 days of employment in a financial year to any rural household whose adult members are willing to
do unskilled manual work. The Act will come into force initially in 200 districts, and will be extended gradually to other areas notified by the Central Government. It will cover the whole country within five years.
Keywords: food, for, work, NREGA, India
The 2008 land grab for food and financial security
GRAIN October 2008
Today's food and financial crises have, in tandem, triggered a new global land grab. On the one hand, "food insecure" governments that rely on imports to feed their people are snatching up vast areas of farmland abroad for their own offshore food production. On the other hand, food corporations and private investors, hungry for profits in the midst of the deepening financial crisis, see investment in foreign farmland as an important new source of revenue. As a result, fertile agricultural land is becoming increasingly privatised and concentrated. If left unchecked, this global land grab could spell the end of small-scale farming, and rural livelihoods, in numerous places around the world.
Keywords: food, for, work, landgrab, financial, food, security
Supply Chains And Social Network Analysis
Rolf A.E. Mueller, Doreen Buergelt, Linda Seidel-Lass
Department of Agricultural Economics, CAU, Kiel, Germany February 2007
Paper presented at the 1st International European Forum on Innovation and System Dynamics in Food Networks February 15-17, 2007, Innsbruck-Igls, Austria.
This paper is intended as an encouragement to embalm the supply network-metaphor with quantitative models. In particular, we suggest that network models based on graph theory, such as those that have been developed and successfully applied in social network analysis (SNA), also hold promise when applied to the analysis of supply networks in agribusiness.
Keywords: food for work, supply chain, social network analysis, economics
Aquaculture: The Last Frontier for Sustainable Food Security?
Meryl J. Williams and Mary Ann P. Bimbao
The World Fish Center 1998/08/07
Aquaculture offers opportunities as the last frontier for sustaining the contribution of fish to food security.Aquaculture can produce more affordable fish, income-generating activities and rural development.
Keywords: food for work, aquaculture, fish
Challenges in Sustaining and Increasing Fish Production to Combat Hunger and Poverty in Asia
M. V. Gupta
The WorldFish Center June 2006
Fish and fisheries make a major contribution to nutritional security and the fight against hunger
and poverty in Asia. An additional 37 million t of food fish will be needed by 2020 to meet the
needs of the growing population, changing dietary habits and increasing income levels. Production
from capture fisheries has reached a plateau, with most fisheries having reached their maximum
sustainable yields or being overexploited. A number of challenges need to be addressed if the
present production from capture fisheries is to be sustained and aquaculture production increased
to bridge the gap between the supply and the growing demand for fish. This needs the commitment
of governments to implement policies that foster growth of fisheries and aquaculture and to allocate
adequate human and financial resources to the development of the sector.
Keywords: food for work, aquaculture, fish, Asia
Ensuring trade policy supports food security goals
International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD) November 2009
If progress is to be achieved towards achieving food security goals, action to tackle the trade-related causes of hunger has to be an integral part of a broader set of development-oriented reforms in both the developed and developing world. This short analytical note attempts to summarise some of the relationships between trade policy and food security, and pinpoint some of the changes that might be required if governments are to achieve their goals in this area.
Keywords: food, for, work, developing, countries, trade, policy, government, goals, action, hunger, analysis, research, proudction, agriculture, climate, change, environment, health
How do Food Prices Affect Producers and Consumers in Developing Countries?
International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD) 2009/09/10
This note examines the trends agricultural commodity prices and begins by assessing historical prices, patterns of production and demand, and reviews the implications in the context of trade and climate change. Although the food crisis has left the media spotlight, it continues to remain a challenge for many developing country consumers and producers.
Keywords: food, for, work, farmers, producers, climate, change, challenge, agriculture, commodity, price, rise, developing, country, economy
From Forest Dwellers To Proud Farmers: A Journey
Bismay Mahapatra, Harsha Trust
Forty years ago inspired by one man, 12 enterprising tribals from a remote village contributed
Rs.100/- each and the farmers of the beneficiary villages worked around one and half months
to complete an irrigation scheme. After every flood they used big trees and rocks over the
rock bed of the stream Sanguli to divert the water. Local leaders now claim that, this is the
best scheme in this region irrigating around 250 acres of land in 5 villages; of course the
government department has strengthened the scheme now. The leader was a tribal named
Karji Majhi and the scheme was implemented in a remote tribal village called Serkajhola and
is situated in Lanjigarh block in one of the most backward districts in Orissa, viz, Kalahandi.
Karji Majhi went on to implement 21 such irrigation schemes in a cluster of villages.
Keywords: food for work, Kalahandi, India, irrigation, community
Water Based Livelihood Enhancement Effort for Tribals (A case study of the Impact of IDE India's Treadle Pump in Orissa)
Dr. N. Panigrahi
International Water Management Institute (IWMI) and Sir Ratan Tata Trust December 2003
The present work adopted Case Study method to assess the impact of IDE India's Treadle
Pump on the life and livelihood of tribal farmers in Orissa. It followed holistic approach to
understand what works and what does not works in promoting tribal livelihood. Study protocol
includes a wide range of socio-economic and hardware issues of Treadle Pump and its
impact on tribal farmers. The study universe covers 30 TP using tribal households distributed
in ten villages of Koraput district, one of the fully Scheduled Districts of the State. Both
primary and secondary sources were adopted while collecting data through both structured
and semi-structured tools. The report is divided into seven chapters.
Keywords: food for work, India, irrigation, TATA, International Water Management Institute
Tribal Rehabilitation for Livelihood Enhancement: Experience of DHRUVA
IWMI-Tata Water Policy Programme 2010/03/18
DHRUVA an associate organization of BAIF Development and Research Foundation works
in 200 tribal villages spread over the districts of Valsad, Navsari and Dangs in South Gujarat.
After its establishment in 1995, DHRUVA has consistently strived to bring about a positive
transformation in the lives of the tribal poor. Adopting the axiom, people first in
development, DHRUVA is implementing various tribal development programmes, that
embrace health, women's development, savings and credit, water and soil conservation, all
crucial components for ensuring a holistic growth. Backward and forward linkages with the
application of appropriate technological advances are the mainstays of all the development
programmes implemented by DHRUVA.
Keywords: food for work, India, TATA, International Water Management Institute, DHRUVA, BAIF
Impact of Water based Interventions of Rajiv Gandhi Watershed Mission on Tribal Livelihood: Case Study of Dhar District in Madhya Pradesh
Unpredictable variations in agricultural productivity in rain fed areas coupled with increased
exploitation of the natural resources had led to an increasingly fragile ecosystem. In early
90's problems of resource degradation, declining land productivity, prevailing draught
conditions and the mixed experience of "sarkari" departmental approach necessitated a move
towards community involvement in natural resource management. As a result Central
Government issued resolutions like Joint Forest Management and Guidelines for Watershed
Development emphasizing the need for greater community involvement in planning and
management of interventions, reorientation of line department roles and issues of efficiency,
sustainability and equity. Keeping in pace with the nation wide trend and its own policy of
decentralization, Madhya Pradesh government started Rajiv Gandhi Watershed Mission
Keywords: food for work, India, Madhya Pradesh, irrigation, Clnl, Rajiv Gandhi Watershed Mission
NAFTA: Fueling Market Concentration in Agriculture
Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy
Share The World's Resources 2010/03/12
Following the passage of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), changes in US farm policy fuelled market concentration in agriculture. The real losers in this scenario are farmers and rural communities in Mexico and Canada, says a report by the Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy.
Keywords: food, for, work, agriculture, farmers, rural, development, market, supply, chain, Mexico, Canada, policy
Patently unfair: Rice in a private grip
Share The World's Resources 2005/09/21
As multinationals tightened their monopoly control over rice, a staple food for more than half the world's population, we are witnessing the beginning of a scientific apartheid against all Third World countries, writes Devinder Sharma.
Keywords: food, for, work, agriculture, India, rice, cultivation, land, control, developing, countries
African fish industry 'in crisis'
Share The World's Resources 2005/08/22
Africa's fisheries industry is facing a crisis, experts have claimed, with over-fishing and a lack of investment threatening its long-term future.
Keywords: food, for, work, fishery, aquaculture, Africa, threat, growth, industry, investment
About Global Food Security
There are more than 1.02 billion hungry people in the world
Providing global food security is one of the principle challenges for humanity in current times. The scale of the challenge is immense. According to an FAO estimate over 1 billion people suffer from hunger. One sixth of all humanity currently goes hungry every day. This is a challenge that has reached unprecedented levels in recent years. There are more people hungry today than at any time since 1970.
Malnutrition has also been growing since the mid-1990s, and in 2008 was affecting approximately 915 million people. These trends are expected to worsen given high food prices, and structural issues relating to the recent downturn in the global economy.
The work of The Network of European Foundations' Mercator Fund
is underpinned by the principle that the global philanthropic community has a vital role to play in promoting and implementing the work necessary to bring about social and political change. The Mercator Fund aims to generate innovative ideas to respond to key global challenges through the development of projects that address core global social issues.
The Sir Ratan Tata Trust
is one of the oldest philanthropic institutions in India, and has played a pioneering role in changing the traditional ideas of charity and introducing the concept of philanthropy. Through its grant making, the Trust supports efforts in the development of society, through institutional grants in areas of Education, Health, Arts & Culture, Enhancing Civil Society & Governance and Rural Livelihoods & Communities. Besides institutional grants, the Trust also makes individual grants for education and medical relief.
Nearly 70% of the tribal communities of India reside in central India, concentrated in about 110 districts within the nine central Indian states. The region is endowed with rich natural resources; however, issues such as abject poverty, primitive farming methods, improper use of water resources, naxalism, etc. ensure that this tribal belt lags behind other parts of India. Central India Initiative, one of the flagship initiatives of the Sir Ratan Tata Trust, was initiated in 2004, with the basic objective of enhancing tribal livelihoods through a Natural Resource Management (NRM) based approach. Collectives for Integrated Livelihood Initiatives (CInI)
, a registered organization seeded by the Trust, is the nodal agency for the Central India Initiative.
ICOS is an independent international organisation providing local solutions to tackle new global challenges. Through an innovative combination of research, analysis and project implementation, ICOS examines the root causes of current challenges to achieve measurable and direct results.